- An honorific title that ordinarily gave its recipient a member of the senate (q.v.). Prior to the 10th century it was usually awarded to commanders of the themes (q.v.). In the 10th century two categories were created, the eunuchs (q.v.) and the "bearded," each with a different distinguishing garb. The title was further expanded to include civil officials, some with special court functions, including judicial duties.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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